Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA)

Measure DescriptionSource of measure Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Carter, A. S. (2006). BITSEA: Brief infant-toddler social and emotional assessment. Examiner's manual. Harcourt Assessment.
Mode of administration Parent report, child care provider report
Age range for use12-36 months
Domains AssessedIdentifies emerging social-emotional problems. Provides total scores for social-emotional problems and social-emotional competence.
Related MeasuresITSEA
BurdenTraining needed to administerParent/teacher report; Master's Degree or equivalent training/experience to interpret
Minutes to complete7-10 minutes
# of items42
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?No
Used with AIAN populations? Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha rangeNot yet available
AIAN: Evidence of validityNot yet available
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeInternal consistency is good: problem scale .79-.80, competence scale.66- .69 (de Wolff et al., 2010; Karabekiroglu et al., 2010). Briggs-Gowan and Carter (2007) report that the majority of the scales' internal consistency is above .70. Interrater reliability was also good: problem scale Spearman's p = .66, competence Spearman's p = .63 (Karabekiroglu et al., 2010).
Other populations: Evidence of validityBITSEA demonstrates criterion validity; it is correlated with the Child Behavior Checklist, the Aberrant Behavior Checklist, the Autistic Behavior Checklist, and Ages and Stages Questionnaire, the Brief Instrument Psychological and Pedagogical Problem Inventory, the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (Briggs-Gowan & Carter, 2007; de Wolff et al., 2013; Hungerford, Garcia, & Bagner, 2015; Karabekiroglu et al., 2010). The BITSEA predicts later scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (Hungerford et al., 2015). The BITSEA accurately discriminates between 24-month old children with and without psychosocial problems (de Wolff et al., 2013). de Wolff and colleagues (2013) conclude that the BITSEA is the best short tool for detecting psychological problems among 2-year-olds.
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeFollowing intervention, caregivers report greater child competence on the BITSEA (Spieker, Oxford, Kelly, Nelson, & Fleming, 2012).
General remarks