Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

Measure DescriptionSource of measure J. L. Cox, J.M. Holden, R. Sagovsky http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/150/6/782
Mode of administration Self-report
Age range for useAdults, postnatal mothers
Domains AssessedPostnatal depression
Related Measures
BurdenTraining needed to administerNone
Minutes to complete< 5 minutes
# of items10
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?Yes
Used with AIAN populations?Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha rangeNot yet available
AIAN: Evidence of validityNot yet available
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeBunevicius, Kusminskas, and Bunevicius (2009) report alpha = .83, and a review by McBride, Wiens, McDonald, Cox, and Chan (2014) reports alpha .82-.84. McBride et al. (2014) also report test-retest reliability of Spearman's r = 0.55–0.63.
Other populations: Evidence of validitySensitivity ranges from 34% to 100%; specificity ranges from 44% to 100% (Gibson, McKenzie-McHarg, Shakespeare, Price, & Gray 2009). The EDPS demonstrates convergent validity with: the Symptom Checklist – 90 items (SCL-90) anxiety and somatization subscales, the General Health Questionnaire, and the Self-Report Questionnaire, among other measures (McBride et al., 2014).
SourceDeveloperJ. L. Cox, J.M. Holden, R. Sagovsky http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/150/6/782
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeThe EPDS is a screener; not likely to be sensitive to change.
General remarksExtensive use and validation across diverse populations internationally; evidence of reliability and validity with Indigenous women in Australia

Table updated: 8/11/2017