Parental Locus of Control (PLOC)

Measure DescriptionSource of measure Campis, L. K., Lyman, R. D., & Prentice-Dunn, S. (1986). The parental locus of control scale: Development and validation. Journal of clinical child psychology, 15(3), 260-267.
Mode of administration Parent self-report
Age range for useAny parent
Domains AssessedThe measure assesses the parent's locus of control in regard to parenting. There are five subscales: 1. parent efficacy (how effective a parent feels in his/her parenting role), 2. parent responsibility (degree to which parent feels ability to control child behaviors), 3. child control (amount parent feels life is dominated by child's needs),4. fate and chance (attitudes regarding the influence of external factors), and 5. parent control (how well parent feels he/she can control child's behavior).
Related Measures
BurdenTraining needed to administerMinimal staff training required. Staff need to be familiar with all items before adminstering this self-report measure.
Minutes to complete 10
# of items 48
CostUnclear- contact developers
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?Contact developers
Used with AIAN populations? Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha range"Cronbach's alpha = 0.67. Test-retest reliability highest for self-efficacy subscale (r>0.60), moderate to low for child control (r=0.42) and parent control (r=0.49)
(reported by Johns Hopkins University Center for American Indian Health). "
AIAN: Evidence of validityMore information needed
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeCampis, Lyman, and Prentice-Dunn (1986) report the scale has acceptable reliability: test-retest reliability was r = .83, and internal consistency of the total scale was .92 (Cronbach's alpha). Internal consistency of the individual subscales range from .59 to .77 (Campis et al., 1986; Lloyd & Hastings, 2009).
Other populations: Evidence of validityCampis et al. (1986) confirmed the 5-factor model of the PLOC. They also reported that the PLOC discriminates among parents who do not report difficulties in the parental role and parents who were seeking professional services for parenting. They also report that parents who were seeking professional services score higher on external locus of control. Lloyd and Hastings (2009) report that an external locus of control, as measured by the PLOC, was associated with greater maternal distress - stress, depression, and anxiety - and lower positive perceptions of the child.
SourceDeveloperCampis, Lyman, & Prentice-Dunn.
LinkContact developers
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeNo information provided yet.
General remarks