Supplement to HOME for Impoverished Families (SHIF)

Measure DescriptionSource of measure Ertem, I.O., Forsyth, B.W., Avni-Singer, A.J., Damour, L.K., & Cicchetti, D.V (1997). Development of a supplement to the HOME Scale for children living in impoverished urban environments. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 18, 322-328.
Mode of administration Observation and interview
Age range for useFamilies of children ages 0-15.
Domains AssessedQuality of the home environment of young children who are living in poor urban neighborhoods.
Related MeasuresHome Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME). *SHIF must be used in conjunction with HOME.
BurdenTraining needed to administer Extensive staff training, supervision, and double ratings required to properly administer this measure.
Minutes to complete8-10 minutes
# of items20
CostContact developers
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?Unclear, contact developers
Used with AIAN populations?Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha rangeMullany et al. (2012) report Cronbach's alpha = .71
AIAN: Evidence of validityNot yet available
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeErtem and colleagues (1997) report that the SHIF has higher inter-rater reliability, internal consistency, and item-total reliability
Other populations: Evidence of validityErtem and colleagues (1997) report that the SHIF has good construct validity. SHIF total scores correlate with mothers' negative feelings toward motherhood and toward the child (Bernazzani, Marks, Bifulco, Siddle, Asten, & Conroy, 2005). Lanzi, Ramey, and Bert (2012) report that mothers at risk for for nonoptimal parenting differ significantly from low-risk mothers on the HOME + SHIF.
SourceDeveloperErtem, Forsyth, Avni-Singer, Damour, & Cicchetti
LinkContact developers
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeN/A
General remarksMust be used in conjunction with the HOME; should not be assessed separately. Items were more relevant for our communities than on the HOME. Difficult to train local staff to rate objectively.