Survey of Well-being of Young Children (SWYC)

Measure DescriptionSource of measure
Mode of administration Parent report
Age range for use2-60 months
Domains AssessedCognitive, language, motor, emotional, behavioral; family contextual risk
Related MeasuresSWYC consists of Developmental Milestones checklists, the Baby Pediatric Symptom Checklist (BPSC), the Preschool Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PPSC), the Parent's Observations of Social Interactions (POSI), and Family Questions
BurdenTraining needed to administerNone
Minutes to complete5-10 Minutes
# of items33-46 (ranges across 12 age-specific forms)
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?To Family Questions only, with stipulations (see FAQ at
Used with AIAN populations?Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha rangeNot yet available
AIAN: Evidence of validityNot yet available. Whitesell, Sarche, Trucksess, et al (2015) examined the feasibility of the SWYC for use in AIAN communities. They concluded that the content of the SWYC should be examined in regard to its cultural fit for a particular tribal community, and more research is needed to validate its appropriate use in tribal communities.
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeCronbach's alpha = .69 to .92 across subscales (per developer, Sheldrick, Henson, Neger, Merchant, Murphy, Perrin, 2012; Sheldrick & Perrin, 2013).
Sheldrick and Perrin (2013) present additional data supporting the measure's reliability.
Other populations: Evidence of validityThe SWYC relates in expected ways (convergent validity)
to the Ages and Stages Questionnaire,
the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Sheldrick & Perrin,2013; Smith, Sheldrick, & Perrin, 2013)
SourceDeveloperEllen Perrin and Chris Sheldrick, Tufts University
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeThis is a screening measure; sensitivity to change is likely to be limited
General remarksThe SWYC is a free, brief, accessible and comprehensive screener for early developmental concerns. Qualitiative research with AIAN communities (Whitesell et al, 2015; indicated that it is likely to be a good fit in general, but research is needed to understand its reliability and validity in this population.