Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC)

Measure DescriptionSource of measure Gibaud-Wallston, J., & Wandersmann, L. P. (1978). Development and utility of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale. John F. Kennedy center for research on education and human development.;
Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167-175. (who cite Gilbaud-Wallston & Wanderson, 1978).
Mode of administration Parent self-report
Age range for useAny parent
Domains AssessedMeasures parents' sense of their own competence using two broad scales: efficacy (parent's perceived competence in the parenting role) and satisfaction (parent's liking of the parenting role).
Related Measures
BurdenTraining needed to administerMinimal staff training required. Staff need to be familiar with all items before administering this self-report measure.
Minutes to complete 5
# of items 16-17
CostFree of charge
Adaptation for AIAN useAdaptedNo
Developer allows adaptation?Unclear. Contact developer.
Used with AIAN populations? Yes
AIAN: Cronbach's alpha rangeCronbach's alpha = 0.79. Test-retest reliability is decent (r=0.62) (reported by Johns Hopkins University Center for American Indian Health).
AIAN: Evidence of validityLow correlation with parenting knowledge suggests good divergent validity (r=0.14); Good correlation with Parental Locus of Control measure suggests good construct validity (r=0.64) (reported by Johns Hopkins University Center for American Indian Health).
Other populations: Cronbach's alpha rangeInternal consistency of the satisfaction scale ranges from .75-.80, and internal consistency of the efficacy scale ranges from .76 to .88 (Johnston & Mash, 1989; Lovejoy et a., 1997; Ohan, Leung, & Johnston, 2000).
Other populations: Evidence of validityJohnston and Mash (1989) determined the factor structure of the PSOC as two scales: satisfaction and efficacy. Ohan et al. (2000) confirmed this factor structure for both mothers and fathers. Also, the PSOC demonstrates convergent validity with other family variables, such as externalizing child behavior (satisfaction scale), and internalizing child behavior (efficacy scale, fathers only). Also, the satisfaction scale was related to an easy-going and low-conflict parenting style; for mothers, efficacy was also related to this parenting style. Finally, marital satisfaction and inter-parent agreement on parenting style related to the satisfaction scale (Ohan et al., 2000).
SourceDeveloperGibaud-Wallston & Wandersmann
SummaryComments about sensitivity to changeSanders, Markie-Dadds, Tully, and Bor (2000) report post-intervention improvements in the PSOC within their intervention groups.
General remarks